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ALCOHOL

• Alcohol is one of humankind’s oldest drugs: In some cultures its use was integrated in ecstatic rituals at which psychoactive plants were added to the potions.

• Today, the daily consumption of alcoholic beverages is a matter of course and an enormous economic factor.

• Alcohol can contribute to relaxation and sociability, but for many people it enables a flight from reality that potentially causes addiction.

• Heavy use leads to intoxication that often leads to disinhibition and partly also to depressive or aggressive states.

• In Germany about 4 million people have problems with alcohol. About 40.000 a year die from the effects of consuming alcohol. Much more than from all illegal drugs together.

• The WHO (Wold Health Organisation) declares that the maximum of a risk-free use of alcohol is for women about 20 g (0,25 l wine / 0,5 l beer) and for man about 40 g (0,5 wine / 1 l beer) a day. Partly a lower limit is applied. (Depending on enzymatic differences women tolerate less alcohol than men).

• Excessive use of alcohol causes dizziness, nausea and vomiting. In the extreme case it can result in a poisoning that can lead to unconsciousness and even death.

• In the long run excessive use leads to an addiction associated with serious physical and mental damages as well as social problems. It can also lead to the outbreak of psychotic states.

• A measured use of alcohol (especially of red wine) is said to have a constitutional effect in partitions.

• Alcohol reduces concentration and reactivity. Therefore it is extremely risky to drive under the influence of alcohol.

• Alcopops are mixed drinks in which alcohol is mixed with sweet soft drinks. The alcoholic content is barely tasted. The risk of overdosing is therefore heightened.

• Greedy companies attempt to appeal to young groups of buyers with alcoholic powder. Deception about the alcoholic content of these products heightens the risk of poisoning and addiction.


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ALICE - The Drug- and Culture-Project
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